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Encyclopedia :
»Vineyards villages of Alsace
»Terms used in wine world
»The 5O Grands Crus in Alsace
»Wine growers along the wine route

Events in Alsace.
[ Events in Alsace. ]

·GM tests given green light in Alsace
· Mont Saint Odile
· Haut Koenigsbourg castle
·Strasbourg will held the 2006 Tour de France
·Riesling of the world competition
·European parliament program 2006

Colmar. Nice city.

Colmar. Nice city.

Colmar. Capital of alsacian vineyards.

Colmar. Capital of alsacian vineyards.

Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) and Grand Cru d'Alsace.Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) and Grand Cru d'Alsace.
French Recipies and Alsacian GastronomyFrench Recipies and Alsacian Gastronomy
Growing grapes in Alsace.Growing grapes in Alsace.
History of Alsace and alsacian wine.History of Alsace and alsacian wine.
Market Export InformationsMarket Export Informations
Soils and grounds.Soils and grounds.
Travellers memories around AlsaceTravellers memories around Alsace
Wine and healthWine and health
Wine booksWine books
Wine route in Alsace.Wine route in Alsace.
Wine Tittle-TattleWine Tittle-Tattle

Burgundy and me Burgundy and me
Discover France through Alsace. Discover France through Alsace.
Events in Alsace. Events in Alsace.
Follow the Froggies: Alsace gastronomy. Follow the Froggies: Alsace gastronomy.
Inside Bordeaux Inside Bordeaux
Wine classifications AOC - Grand Crus... Wine classifications AOC - Grand Crus...

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Events in Alsace.Obernai is like nearby Rosheim directly dependent on the Emperor. It was in fact, fortified by a double belt of protective walls and towers, still visible from the shade of the linden-lined avenues. Before even entering the city, the tourist, pacific and modern besieger, can make out the tiled roofs, pointed gables, pinnacles and bell-towers…

Obernai was born as the fortified city of a vast Roman-Gaul fiefdom and was transformed into a Frankish royal residence.
The first duke of Alsace, Adalric, also called Eticho, the head of a powerful family of the Upper Alsace, acquired property in Lower Alsace thanks to his marriage to Bersawinde of the House of Lorraine.

He built a fortress there that he called OberEhnheim, for the river Ehn. The Duke, vassal of the last Merovingian Frankish kings whose power was dwindling, backed Pepin of Heristal (640 – 714) the Master of Palace in the court of Austrasie, and forefather of Pepin the Short.
The Duke’s choice was a good one, as strengthened by his confidence with Pepin, he was able to extend his power as far as the Jura of Bern.His son Adalbert succeeded him. As the Duke’s grandson Luitfrid did not have children, Pepin the Short saw fit to profit from the occasion to bring Alsace back to royal domain. The glory of Eticho, however has persisted to our own time thanks to his daughter, St Odile, patron saint of Alsace and abbess of the Hohenberg Abbey, founded for her by Eticho and later to become Mont Saint Odile.

The Ehnheim fiefdom was dependent on the abbey for a long period , before being acquired by the Swabian dukes of Hohenstaufen’ from whom descended a long line of emperors. Henry IV and Frederik II visited often, favouring the development of a city around the castle. Frederik II entrusted the task of surrounding the city with protective walls to his Alsatian governor, the schultheiss Woelfelin; it was the thirteenth century and the city was still called Ehnheim. Vineyards extended around the ramparts and the emperor’s favour assured notable privilege to the inhabitants.

His visits gave a radiant tone to the local life. In testimony, two songs have been left by Goesli of Ehnheim, a court poet of the city. In the fourteenth century the city took on the modern name Obernai; derived from the pronunciation of Ober-Ehnheim (like Niedernai, the adjacent town whose name is derived from the pronunciation of Neider-Ehnheim) and became an adherent of the politics of the ten city of the imperial Decapolis. It was a difficult century for all of Europe, punctuated by the wide spread epidemics that disseminated terror favouring the birth of collective madness and poverty caused by the ravaging of the work force.

At the beginning of the fifteenth century, the moment of the failed Armagnac siege in 1444, the city, regardless, boasted nine guilds and two thousands occupants.
The sixteenth century saw a distinct return to prosperity, judging above all, by the great quantity of constructions, monuments, and houses built in that period. Among them were
the town hall, begun in 1523 (the bow windows were added in the seventeenth century);
the upper floors in gothic pattern of the austere squared tower of the old Kappelturm, a thirteenth century bell tower, whose chapel has since disappeared,
the Renaissance well, built in 1579 and named the “puits aux six seaux”(the six bucket well) as each one of the three pulleys supports two buckets;
the walls under the protective grating are constructed of four panels in stone caissons, sculpted with a floral ornamentation. Three elegant Corinthian columns support the baldacchino, whose border is decorated with motifs and citations from the scriptures;
the Grain Market, former seat of the butcher’s guild, erected in 1554.

The protestant Reform left no lasting effect on Obernai, whose government has always remained Catholic. The most determined defender of Catholicism in Strasbourg, the Franciscan monk Murner, was from Obernai. He preached and had printed, even printed himself, lampoons, provoking the wrath of the Lutherians, who broke into the lodgings in Strasbourg while he was away in Obernai, and burned everything they found

When, on April 2, 1525 winegrowers near Obernai anticipated the general revolt that would explode on 16 of April (the peasant war), the city closed its doors, alerted the military, and held back the advances of the armed bands of warring peasants, who were nonetheless well-guided and organized to occupy much larger cities.

Destiny changed face in the course of the Thirty Years’ War, begun in 1619. The most powerful modern armies in the period faced off, armed with artillery and strategists capable of razing the most solids of ramparts. Alsace remained the battlefield for the whole period of the war and then again when hostilities flared up in the 1672 War of Holland.
Obernai was occupied four times: in 1621 by the Count of Mansfeld, mercenary in the service of the protestant princes;
in 1632 by the Swedes;
in 1636 by the troops of Louis XIII;
and finally by Louis XIV in 1672, who had the protective wall gutted in order to render it useless.

In the end, Alsace recognized the sovereignty of the King of France, the frontier of whose kingdom was from now on delineated by the Rhine. Obernai participated in the widespread reconstruction necessary after the many disasters throughout the province, and most importantly, reinstated the wineyeards, Obernai’s principal source of income.
In Alsace
Posted on Monday, April 10 @ 09:20:04 MDT by pierre
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Colmar. Capital of alsacian vineyards.
Colmar. Capital of alsacian vineyards.

Colmar. Nice city.
Colmar. Nice city.

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